Madeleine McCann’s parents have lost a court case arising from claims in a bestselling book by a former detective implicating them in their daughter’s abduction.
Lawyers for Kate and Gerry McCann argued that Portuguese authorities had breached their right to respect for a private and family life in the way the courts there dealt with their libel claims against Goncalo Amaral.
Mr Amaral was ordered to pay the McCanns €500,000 in libel damages by a Lisbon court in 2015, but the decision was overturned and then thrown out by the Portuguese Supreme Court in 2017.
The case rumbled on for years but came to a head on Tuesday at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), which ruled there had been no violation.
The court said any damage to their reputation would have arisen from the fact that they had been suspects in the case, not from Mr Amaral’s book.
Mr Amaral was the lead detective investigating the disappearance of Madeleine, but was removed from the case after criticising British police.
His 2008 book implicated the McCanns in their daughter’s abduction and accused them of hiding her body.
The family were on holiday in Praia da Luz in the Algarve region of Portugal when Madeleine, who was three at the time, went missing from their hotel room.
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The ECHR said that even assuming the McCanns’ reputation had been damaged, this was “not on account of the argument put forward by the book’s author”
Instead this was “a result of the suspicions expressed against them, which had led to their being placed under investigation” and had led to intense media attention and controversy.
The court added: “The information had thus been brought to the public’s attention in some detail even before the investigation file was made available to the media and the book in question was published.
“It followed that the national authorities had not failed in their positive obligation to protect the applicants’ right to respect for their private life.”
The McCanns now have three months to appeal against the decision.
There has been no trace of Madeleine since her disappearance 15 years ago, though her parents cling to the hope she will be found alive.
Earlier this year the man suspected of abducting Madeleine insisted he was many miles from the scene having sex in his camper van with a young woman who would back his alibi.
Christian B says he drove her to the airport at Faro for a flight home the next day and they were stopped and photographed at a police roadblock.
According to the Metropolitan Police, Portuguese authorities retain the lead in the investigation and the Met continues to work in support of them.